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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3278\margr2399\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3278\margrsxn2399\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li47\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 158 RESISTANCE : CAPITULATION : THE ABASTANOI}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb230\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx6534 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 consternation among his troops, for their safety mostly\line \expndtw12 depended upon his leadership and prowess. Conse\-\line \expndtw9 quently, they perpetrated a ferocious massacre of the\line \expndtw17 Malloi, sparing "neither man, woman, nor child."\super 1\line \nosupersub\expndtw14 The indiscriminate slaughter of women and children\line \expndtw20 was undoubtedly an act of wanton cruelty, which\line \expndtw13 casts a slur on the war-code of the Greeks in India.\line \expndtw16 When Alexander recovered, the submission of the\line \expndtw6 Malloi became a \i fait accompli. \i0 The confederacy thus\line \expndtw17 dissolved, the Oxydrakai saw no better alternative\line \expndtw19 than to send ambassadors to negotiate peace with{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 j}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri846\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx1832 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw16\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Alexander. They declared that "they were attached\line \expndtw7 more than others to freedom and autonomy",\super 2\nosupersub  and that it\line \expndtw12 was due to the will of the gods, and not through fear,\line \expndtw14 that they had bowed to his steel.\super 3\nosupersub  Alexander appre\-\line ciated their dignified bearing and entertained their\line \expndtw16 leading men with marked courtesy and lavishness,\line \expndtw7 which excited the jealousy of some of his own generals.\line \expndtw11 Next, to impress upon these two nations that Greek\line \expndtw9 authority had come to stay, Alexander appointed Phi-\line \expndtw11 lippos\super 4\nosupersub  as satrap over them. The invader then moved\line down the rivers until he reached the junction of the\line \expndtw9 Akesines and the Indus, where he waited for Perdikkas,\line \expndtw10 who during the course of his march had subdued the\line \expndtw7 Abastanoi defeat- Abastanoi or Sambastai (Skt Ambas-\line \expndtw-20 ed{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw21 mas). Diodoros deposes that they}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi1829\ri839\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 were "inferior to none in India either \expndtw15 for numbers or for bravery. They dwelt in cities in \expndtw9 which the democratic form of government prevailed."\super 5 \nosupersub\expndtw8 Like the other tribes, they also collected a large force \expndtw9 consisting of 60,000 foot-soldiers, 6,000 ho\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b1\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 se and 500}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1408\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li378\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 * Diodoros, \b XVII, \b0 Ch, CH, \i Ibid., \i0 p. \sub 292\nosupersub .}\par }